Tuesday, December 10, 2013

What Are the Duties and Responsibilities of an Electrician?

Right after I graduated high school I did a lot "career research." One career I looked into were electricians. I figured I summarize about the duties and responsibilities of an electrician.
 Who are they?

Electricians are immediately recognized as the specialists who interpret circuit diagrams and ensure that materials’ specifications are compliant with national and local electrical codes. They lay out wiring systems, pull them through conduits and holes, install electrical parts and fixtures, and make everything work with relays, switches and the circuit breaker.

We’re quick to call them if there seems to be a glitch in our electrical and electronic systems. They test, inspect, diagnose, isolate a problem, and troubleshoot faulty systems. We are able to normally breathe again only when they declare that everything is A-okay and safe to use again. 

Electricians do not only work with electricity and how it is conveyed safely to the end-user. They also specialize in audio and visual communication systems, security and signaling equipment, and the heat, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems.

The job of journeymen electricians involves the design and installation of electrical wiring systems, equipment and apparatuses under the general supervision of a senior journeyman or master electrician. The scope of their job varies with the specific needs of the industry where they belong -- as does the educational programs that teach you how to become an electrician -- but usually includes shared responsibilities and specific job descriptions, such as:

1. Plan electrical layout from power source to control panels, wiring network, lighting system, outlets. They make sure that every part of the system is applicable to the building type and conforms to the local and National Electrical Code.

2. Do routine inspection and test electrical and electronic equipment using various tools and ensure safety to the user.

3. Respond to emergency calls and inspect, isolate, diagnose and troubleshoot problems in malfunctioning units and lines.

4. Assemble, install, repair and maintain fire alarm, electrical distribution and controls, security, time-dependent lock, and programmable lighting systems.

5. Estimate time, cost and materials for electrical system projects.

6. Handle hazardous materials safely, handle and use manual and power tools, and perform highly-physical activities like climbing ladder and electric posts, arresting fall, and lifting heavy loads of up to 50 lbs.

7. Keep the electrical shop and service instruments and tools used clean and in top condition.

8. Help maintain record of repairs, installations, and other services rendered by the business or company.

9. Conduct inventory and purchase of parts, equipment, materials, supplies and tools for the trade.

10. Train new electricians or act as backup electrician to senior electricians.
Electricians must have knowledge of various electrical distribution systems and be familiar with safety precautions and practices that must be observed in such hazardous environments. Those who work in unique industries will need to train and acquire specific skills for them to capably and safely take their responsibilities.

Various certifications will be required for electricians who desire to work in more complex industries, such as coal mining, metal and ore mining, iron and steel mills, natural gas distribution, schools and training centers, and ship and boat building. The qualifications of a building construction electrician may not be adequate to allow him entry to the shipbuilding industry. Needless to say, the electricians with several certified skills special will have a wider range of job opportunities. 

That should answer the question, what are the duties and responsibilities of an electrician? Want more information about electricians:

Saturday, November 16, 2013

You Should Retake the NCLEX If you Failed. Here are re-take strategies ...

The last post featured what you need for nursing school but what about those who just finished and failed their boards? This post is for you. This video provides info about re-taking the NCLEX tips

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Ever Wonder about what you will need for nursing school?

Ever wonder what you need for nursing school? You're in luck. This video provides a guide... This is true for many allied health careers. You will need the same foundational equipment, but you will also equipment specific to your profession.

I just figured out the difference between a dental assistant and hygienist

We’ve seen them in dental clinics, and we don’t always know how a dental assistant differs from dental hygienist. But if you even slightly consider becoming either of these practitioners, you need to know the hairline distinction between the two. You would never want to invest in the wrong occupation, would you? The two jobs have significant similarities, but there is also a yawning gap about important aspects.

1. There are commonalities in the tasks performed, such as both jobs deal with patients in extending correct information regarding oral care. They also perform some administrative functions, although the dental assistant has more tasks in this nature. The dental assistants mainly work to assist dentists perform dental procedures. Before the procedure, dental assistants prepare the setting, supplies and equipment that will be needed, run down the patient’s records, and take and develop x-rays, according to http://differentmedicalcareers.com/how-long-does-it-take-to-be-a-dental-hygienist/ During the dental exam, they are around to act as the extra hand of the dentist. They usually assist billings and patient instructions after the procedure. Dental hygienists also make the job of dentists lighter. However, they are quite independent in performing procedures that are identified as their responsibility. Their work usually involves routine preventive and corrective procedures, like removal of plaque and stains, and application of sealants and fluoride.

2. The education and program that they complete are definitely different, although the general education program may have significant similarities. Dental assistants finish a program which usually grants a diploma or certificate. Once the program is completed, there is no special licensing or certification required. They can almost always get hired right away. Students who aspire to become dental hygienists complete an associate or bachelor’s degree to undertake an accredited program. They can then take the written examination for national certification which is required for licensing.

3. Salary ranges are significantly different, with the salary of the dental hygienist usually twice that of the dental assistant. The demands for both jobs are seen to increase in 2020 by more than 30%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). In the 2010 data of Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS), it reports that dental assistants earned an annual median salary of $33,470 compared to $68,250 of what dental hygienists made.

4. Both occupations require different skills and abilities to use different devices because of the distinct responsibilities that they handle. Dental assistants have to be familiar with dental instruments so they can assist dentists perform surgery or procedures. They also need to be familiar with word processors, accounting programs, and medical software. Dental hygienists must know how to use lasers, probes, and instruments for performing dental procedures which are routine and prophylactic in nature. However, there might also be need for them to conduct examination and corrective treatment of minor teeth and gum disorders.

The two occupations serve the same industry, and that is the dental health industry. But they differ in many aspects, such as nature and extent of responsibilities, pay, potentials, and difficulty, among many things. In fact, even within the same occupation, there are variations in degree of difficulty and areas of specialization. Both jobs certainly redound to professional and personal rewards. The important thing is to know which career best fits you and work hard toward achieving it. That is the only way to make a career work for you.

If you are considering this career and are a student, consider watching this video below. It provides excellent advice about how to organize your notes for school. But it can provide excellent advice about how to organize you research for choosing a career.

Friday, November 8, 2013

Bill Of Sale Post

Remember I mentioned I had a few random articles? Well, here's one I wrote which provides information about a bill of sale. I figured I'd post it here and hopefully somebody will find it useful. 

So here goes ...

After selling an item, you will want to provide documentation to the new owner. This paperwork will serve as a receipt. I'd like to show you how to write a bill of sale in this article. I'll also provide a sample proof of purchase template. It's important, though, that you keep in mind that you will need to check with your local state laws and statues to make sure this is a legally binding document. To learn how to write a bill of sale, we need to look at its parts.

What is a bill of sale?

A bill of sale is a form of documentation that the seller of an item provides the purchaser of an item. The item can range from livestock to real estate to motorcycles to airplanes.

Every state has a different requirement, but a sample general bill of sale will contain similar data.

It will report the details of the item. For instance, if it is a motorized piece of equipment, the year, make, model, engine size, and the machine's identification number will be listed on this document.

Although this may sound like a title and/or registration document, it is not, but it can be used to verify you as the legal owner.

The paperwork will also list the date of the sale, where the product was purchased, and how much the item cost.

The purchase price is important because a bill of sale is often used to determine sales tax.

This proof of purchase documentation will also contain any special information, if applicable, and could include a sentence about any warranties, whether expressed or implied.

The important signature lines -- one for the seller and one for the buyer -- will be on the receipt, as well.

It's also a good idea to put the addresses and phone numbers of both parties on the transaction.

Cheat sheet to write a bill of sale

  • Buyer and seller's name, address, and phone number
  • Item make, model, ID numbers, distinguishing features
  • Special conditions related to sale
  • Date of transaction
  • Price paid and method of payment
  • Free sample bill of sale form

Writing a bill of sale doesn't have to be a long or complex. A sample receipt can take the form of below:

I, John Smith, transfer ownership of a green 1970 John Deere 112 garden tractor, with the serial identification number JD600-1234567, on this date January 1, 2099, for the price of $500 dollars, to the buyer Harry Dollap. The machine is sold as is, with no warranties expressed or implied.

Seller signature, John Smith
Buyer signature, Harry Dollap
Witness signature, Sarah Pickwick

Proof of purchase letter

As you can see, a proof of purchase letter doesn't have to be long, providing it has all the pertinent information.

It is a good idea to have a witness verify the sale as well. A good witness won't have any ties to either party -- i.e., no conflicts of interest.

One of the best witnesses is a notary. Both the seller and purchaser could complete the transaction in front of notary and get it notarized.

Tips to write a bill of sale

The most important tip for preparing this document is to use a word processor.

Don't use a half sheet of paper you tore out of you kid's school notebook. A typed out bill of sale is far more professional.

Besides, if you make an error or spelling mistake it can be corrected easily. There's also the potential that your hand-writing may be sloppy and words can be crossed out or whited out.

A typed proof of purchase allows you to print multiple copies, as well. This is important because the both parties will need copies.

As you can see, learning how to write a bill of sale is fairly straightforward. But it is important you check your local state laws and statues about specific requirements for this document.

Thursday, November 7, 2013

Credit Score Post From School Finance Essay

Here's another one of my random articles that can from a finance class. It does provide some good info about credit scores and thought I'd share it here.

So here we go ...

A lot of people in today's day and age will say that a 780 credit score is the magic number for credit scores, in general, and that it is the score needed in order to get the best rates out of everything. While there is still a lot of debate going on about this, there are three reasons as to why a 780 credit score really could be that magic number.

The Best Credit Card Deals

While it may be true that  a 720 credit score can still get approved for a lot of great credit cards, you will need to get a higher score if you want to get qualified for anything.

Now, this doesn't necessarily mean that you will get instant approval if you have a 780 credit score, either. Some people with high credit scores still get denied because of other factors, such as their credit history or debt to credit history. So, while a certain score may not guarantee anything, having a higher one will definitely have a much better chance overall.

The Best Mortgage Rates

Back in the day, a 740 credit score could already get you the best mortgage rates. However, what with the great recession happening since then, the minimum score for those same rates is now 760 for most lenders. There are some cases where a 740 score might still get you the best rates, but most of the time, it is 760.

For jumbo mortgages, though, even 760 won't be enough to get you the lowest rates. Instead, you will need a 780 credit score, as well as a down payment of 25% ready. Overall, lower mortgage amounts will do fine with a 760 score. However, if your mortgage is quite big, then you will need a 780 credit score or higher for it.

The Best Loan Rates

If you are looking into an auto loan, then you will be happy to hear that you can get approved for one, no matter how bad your score is. In fact, there are some dealers that will promise to qualify anybody, regardless of their credit score. There is a catch when it comes to this, though: if your credit score is bad, then you will have to be ready to pay huge interest rates in the end.

Ideally, your minimum credit score to get a great car loan rate would be 720 or 740, which is clearly much lower than 780. However, with a lot of other kinds of loans, you may need a much higher score overall.

If you are hoping to get unsecured loans through a credit union or bank, for instance, a credit score of 720 may qualify you, though not with the lowest rates. If you want to get the best deals compared to unsecured credit scores, then the minimum score needed would also be 780.

Home equity credit lines will require an excellent credit score in today's day and age, as well. While you may get approved with a lower credit score, the best rates comparable to mortgages would require a 760 credit score. Generally speaking, the bigger the credit lines, the higher the score needed - ideally a 780 credit score.

This just goes to show that a 780 credit score really is the magic number for the best deals, no matter what kind or size of loan you plan on getting.

If a 780 credit score is considered to be the magic number, though, then why are people always told to aim higher? Well, credit scores work the same way as checking accounts do. Provided you have enough money inside your account to cover any outstanding debits or checks, your balance is already good enough, even if you have just a dollar more than the necessary amount. However, wouldn't it be best to have a bigger cushion in there anyway?

On that same note, while a 780 credit score is already good enough, it would be best to aim for a little bit more for various reasons.

First of all, if your credit score is at exactly 780 and it ends up dropping be several points, then you will no longer be at the magical threshold. However, if your score is closer to 800, you will have several points to spare without ruining the worthiness of your credit.

You should also remember that your score will differ from credit bureau to credit bureau because they all have different information stored in them. This means that you might have a 780 credit score with one credit bureau, but another one elsewhere.

How Can You Achieve a 780 Credit Score?

As long as you don't have anything negative on your credit reports, it shouldn't be that hard to achieve a 780 credit score. However, if you have a major delinquency or a bankruptcy on file, then it could take you several years to get it. Either way, you need to know exactly what you are doing in order to reach this score in the end.

For starters, you will need to know and understand how the different scoring models work. While everything mentioned above has been in reference to FICO scores, you need to understand that some websites will sell non-FICO scores, as well. So, what you need to do now is understand how FICO scores are different from VantageScores and Experian PLUS Scores. Although there are a lot of other formulas aside from those out there, these are the most common ones that you need to know about in order to understand how everything works as a whole.

Second of all, you have to check out your credit reports to find out what the problem is and then address it afterwards. By checking out your reports, you can see where your strengths and your flaws lie. You should be able to know which steps to take after that in order to get a 780 credit score as needed. As mentioned earlier, though, don't forget to always aim higher overall!