Who are they?
Electricians are immediately recognized as the specialists who interpret circuit diagrams and ensure that materials’ specifications are compliant with national and local electrical codes. They lay out wiring systems, pull them through conduits and holes, install electrical parts and fixtures, and make everything work with relays, switches and the circuit breaker.
We’re quick to call them if there seems to be a glitch in our electrical and electronic systems. They test, inspect, diagnose, isolate a problem, and troubleshoot faulty systems. We are able to normally breathe again only when they declare that everything is A-okay and safe to use again.
Electricians do not only work with electricity and how it is conveyed safely to the end-user. They also specialize in audio and visual communication systems, security and signaling equipment, and the heat, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems.
The job of journeymen electricians involves the design and installation of electrical wiring systems, equipment and apparatuses under the general supervision of a senior journeyman or master electrician. The scope of their job varies with the specific needs of the industry where they belong -- as does the educational programs that teach you how to become an electrician -- but usually includes shared responsibilities and specific job descriptions, such as:
1. Plan electrical layout from power source to control panels, wiring network, lighting system, outlets. They make sure that every part of the system is applicable to the building type and conforms to the local and National Electrical Code.
2. Do routine inspection and test electrical and electronic equipment using various tools and ensure safety to the user.
3. Respond to emergency calls and inspect, isolate, diagnose and troubleshoot problems in malfunctioning units and lines.
4. Assemble, install, repair and maintain fire alarm, electrical distribution and controls, security, time-dependent lock, and programmable lighting systems.
5. Estimate time, cost and materials for electrical system projects.
6. Handle hazardous materials safely, handle and use manual and power tools, and perform highly-physical activities like climbing ladder and electric posts, arresting fall, and lifting heavy loads of up to 50 lbs.
7. Keep the electrical shop and service instruments and tools used clean and in top condition.
8. Help maintain record of repairs, installations, and other services rendered by the business or company.
9. Conduct inventory and purchase of parts, equipment, materials, supplies and tools for the trade.
10. Train new electricians or act as backup electrician to senior electricians.
Electricians must have knowledge of various electrical distribution systems and be familiar with safety precautions and practices that must be observed in such hazardous environments. Those who work in unique industries will need to train and acquire specific skills for them to capably and safely take their responsibilities.
Various certifications will be required for electricians who desire to work in more complex industries, such as coal mining, metal and ore mining, iron and steel mills, natural gas distribution, schools and training centers, and ship and boat building. The qualifications of a building construction electrician may not be adequate to allow him entry to the shipbuilding industry. Needless to say, the electricians with several certified skills special will have a wider range of job opportunities.
That should answer the question, what are the duties and responsibilities of an electrician? Want more information about electricians: http://www.mercc.org/